Walking inside the walls

Walking inside the walls of Venzone, you appreciate numerous artistic and architectural details. Careful visitors will be able to notice the signs left by the different historical events following a walking route from the South Gate to the North one.

Entering from the South Gate, a round arch dating from 1835, you find the Casa Marcurele – Marcuele House – on the right, the oldest building of the village, built in the XI century in Romanic style with its double lancet window.
Further north, you notice Palazzo degli Scaligeri (XIV century) and Palazzo Zinutti, an eighteenth century nobleman’s corner-house palace with its elegant gallery with a wrought-iron parapet and its stone gateway in baroque style.

During this historical route, it is necessary to stop and admire the Cathedral –  Duomo  -Romanesque – Gothic style from the XIV century – considered the symbol of the restoration after the earthquake in 1976.  The Duomo was consecrated in 1338 by Patriarch Bertrando, it was constructed in the shape of a T-cross with a longitudinal nave and a large transept with three apsidal presbyteries and two towers. The organ dating from 1792 you will find indoors, is the work of the organ master, G. A. Callido and has been restored in 1996.

On the churchyard in front of the cathedral, you find a chapel Cappella di San Michele built in the XIII century and now permanent museum dedicated to the Mummies of Venzone.
In 1647, the first of almost forty mummies – today known as “the Hunchback” – was found in the tombs inside and around the cathedral. The mummification is a natural process due to special environmental conditions which help the development of a rare parasitic mould called Hypha bombicina Pers: its properties consists in dehydrate the tissues inhibiting the decomposition

Walking towards the main square of the historical centre, you see first a house, Casa Calderari (XIV century) on the right, with its inviting internal courtyard and the Town Hall – Palazzo Comunale– then, built between 1390 and 1410, and built again around 1500; it is a jewel of Venetian flamboyant-Gothic architecture.  The exterior of the Palazzo is decorated with the coats-of-arms of some of the oldest noble families of Venzone and enhanced by five double lancet windows in Venetian flamboyant-Gothic style.
In the Town Hall Square, (Piazza Municipio), the elegant facade of Radiussi Palace (Palazzo Radiussi) can be admired.  This building, from the first half of the fifteenth century, has a triple lancet window in Venetian flamboyant-Gothic style and a stone gateway from the XVII century.

Walking northwards, you find Palazzo Orgnani Martina, an eighteenth century nobleman’s palace, the best preserved in Venzone.  Entering through the stone gateway, you will admire the internal courtyard, restructured in the 1700s with a stone gallery and an elegant wrought-iron parapet. Today the Palazzo, site of principal museums, hosts many interesting exhibitions and the town library, located on the ground floor. On the opposite side of the street Via Mistruzzi, you face ex Palazzo Radiussi – ex Radiussi Palace – from the XV century, decorated with a Renaissance balcony and a flamboyant gothic style double lancet window.

Once arrived to the North of the village, you take a small street along the city walls to allow you to reach Palazzo Pozzo, another nobleman palace from the XVII century and further on the ancient convent of Saint Augustine (XV century) with its porch and lodge of the XVII century. Continuing on your way through Via Alberton del Colle, you arrive to the remains of St. John the Baptist’s Church – Chiesa di S. Giovanni Battista, built in the XIV century; they represent still today the violence of the earth-quake in 1976; only the front façade was saved. The front door of the church bears Gothic style architectural features: capitals decorated with figures and floral designs. A few steps and you are back in the Town Hall Square.

At the other extreme of the square, you can see Saint Genesio Gateway (Porta di S. Genesio). This is the only gateway with defensive tower from the 1309 surrounding internal wall remained intact throughout the centuries and now completely restored after the earthquake.

A deep moat and an interesting double wall from the XIII century surround Venzone: the first city wall builds up an embankment where the second one has been raised, with towers with rectangular section inserted; but in the southwest corner, there is a polygonal tower. The northwest corner of the wall is also interesting: two towers raise on a ridge and dominate the most important mean of communication.