Permanent Museums

Le Mummie di Venzone

THE MUMMIES OF VENZONE

The mummification of the Mummies of Venzone is a natural process due to special environmental conditions happened in some tombs in the Cathedral, which help the development of a rare parasitic mould called Hypha Bombicina Pers: its properties consists in dehydrate the tissues inhibiting the decomposition.

The bodies date back from 1348 to 1881; in 1881, the cemetery inside the Cathedral was cleared to be transferred and established outside the walls. The process happens on average during the first year after the burial.

The more ancient mummy, “the Hunchback”, was discovered in 1647 during some work to enlarge the Cathedral; the body was found in a tomb (XIV century) located under the actual Rosary Chapel. The other mummies are dated back from XVIII to XIX centuries.

In 1845, the mummies of Venzone have been moved from the Cathedral Crypt to the Upper Chapel and, after the earthquake in 1976, only 15 bodies of 21 were extracted almost intact from the ruins of the Rotunda of Saint Michael.

The Mummies of Venzone, five bodies now visible, are kept in the Crypt of the Cemetery Chapel of Saint Michael (XIII century) located in S. Andrea Apostolo Cathedral churchyard.

Address: Cemetery Chapel of Saint Michael, Piazzetta Duomo – 33010 VENZONE (UD)
Opening: permanent exhibition.
Opening time: summer 09.00-19.00 / winter 09.00-17.00.

Tiere Motus

TIERE MOTUS. HISTORY OF AN EARTQUAKE AND ITS PEOPLE

The permanent museum dedicated to the earthquake of 1976 guides the visitor through the significant steps of the re-birth started on the same year, on May 6th, which marked the Story of Friuli since today.
The unusual title combines two different words from two different noble and antique languages peculiar of the story of this land: the Friulan Tiere (=ground, land) and the Latin Motus (=movement).
Tiere wants to mean identity, deep emotions and high sense of belonging to the land and the culture of Friuli.
Motus wants to mean deep recall to the origins and to the Mother Story, and above all to the strength of the people to overcome human pains and hostile natural events for two thousand years.

The Orcolat, the terrifying creature that personified the earthquake in the folk traditions, has been reawakened thanks to the technique of virtual reality, to faithfully reproduce the devastation endured by the “Duomo”, Cathedral of Venzone during that night, May 6th, 1976. The simulations through 3D graphic animation are the fruit of the collaboration of a team, created within the University of Udine, of experts in several fields, from seismic engineering to computer graphics.

On the first floor, the rooms tell with a chronological order first and thematically then, the crucial moments of the earthquake and the reconstruction through exhibition of photographs, films, documents and illustrative outlines to show the strict bond between different aspects: technical and scientific, social and economic, and politic and administrative.

On the photographs documenting the first moments of the tragedy, the faces show loss in front of nature but also moral strength, tenacity and determination in a generous race towards help and solidarity.
A room is dedicated to an extremely difficult period, the summer of 1976, while the whole population was forced to live in tents and life was starting again, facing enormous difficulties. On the other hand, this was also the moment to claim strongly the participation to the decisions of the reconstruction.

The new tremors registered between September 11th and 15th are a devastating seismic cluster and brought down Friuli into an even more complicated situation: fall is described through pictures of exodus and evacuation places. Later, the reconstruction: the years of “baracche” –temporary lodgings- were starting.

The second part of the museum is managed with different thematic rooms: legislative system, studies for the reconstruction (geology and anti-seismic engineering), “Reconstruction Government” with national and regional institutions, rule of the Friulan Church, cultural heritage, planning and implementation instruments for the territory, flow of funds and contributions received, development with birth of another Friuli, made of big infrastructural works and industry but also made of University and Civil Protection creation.
The Head of State conferred the Gold Medal of Civil Merit to the Banners of the Region and to the 45 earthquake-struck Municipalities.

The last room to visit is dedicated to the memory, in a multimedia voyage through the large collection of documents (audio, video, texts, and pictures) produced during the 1976 earthquake; the collection is becoming larger day by day.
A double projection animates the room: the first shows the repetition of the seismic tremors and their strength on a plastic model of the region; the second shows the names of the victims, appearing and then disappearing, on the wall. On the “Wall of the Memory ” the visitor is invited to leave and register his own testimony.

Address: Palazzo Orgnani-Martina, Via Mistruzzi, 4 – 33010 VENZONE (UD)
Opening: permanent exhibition
Opening time: Friday 15.00-19.00, Saturday and Sunday 9.00-13.00 / 15.00-19.00.

Foreste, Uomo, Economia nel Friuli Venezia Giulia

In the immediate vicinity of Piazza Municipio, in the medieval citadel of Venzone – a rare example in Friuli of a fortified inhabited centre, rises the Orgnani-Martina Palace.

The palace hosts an exhibition called “Foreste, Uomo, Economia nel Friuli Venezia Giulia” (Forests, Man and Economy in Friuli Venezia Giulia) which constitutes the first section of the “Museo della terra di Venzone” (Museum of the Land of Venzone).

In the first hall, a section illustrates the history of the forests through the use of the various research methodologies (palaeontology, palynology), written documents and maps. Furthermore, six plastic models explain the evolution of the forest landscapes of the region, from the ice age to modern times.

The two successive exhibition panels present the main forest typologies of the region, pointing out the most important physionomic traits of the principal species of trees. The subsequent room is wholly dedicated to the animals of the forest.

Their traces are examined, thei nourishment is described, as well as the relation between predators and preys, their dens and nests are examined through special dioramas.

The last hall holds a section dedicated to the function and uses of the forests, with some educational panels on the circulation of matter and energy, symbiosis, the ecosystems and finally on the physiology of the tree with the aid of an animated panel.

Completing the exhibition a mycological exhibition of over three hundred types of mushrooms, a display dedicated to the forest in fantasies with representations of characters of the forests from classical, traditional and modern mythology and a showcase where some questions and quizzes are posed with a theme of the curiosities and the specifics of the woods and the forests.

Address: Palazzo Orgnani-Martina, Via Mistruzzi, 4 – 33010 VENZONE (UD)
Opening: permanent museum.
Opening time: Friday 15.00-19.00, Saturday and Sunday 9.00-13.00 / 15.00-19.00.