Permanent Museums

Le Mummie di Venzone

THE MUMMIES OF VENZONE

The mummification of the Mummies of Venzone is a natural process due to special environmental conditions happened in some tombs in the Cathedral, which help the development of a rare parasitic mould called Hypha Bombicina Pers: its properties consists in dehydrate the tissues inhibiting the decomposition.

The bodies date back from 1348 to 1881; in 1881, the cemetery inside the Cathedral was cleared to be transferred and established outside the walls. The process happens on average during the first year after the burial.

The more ancient mummy, “the Hunchback”, was discovered in 1647 during some work to enlarge the Cathedral; the body was found in a tomb (XIV century) located under the actual Rosary Chapel. The other mummies are dated back from XVIII to XIX centuries.

In 1845, the mummies of Venzone have been moved from the Cathedral Crypt to the Upper Chapel and, after the earthquake in 1976, only 15 bodies of 21 were extracted almost intact from the ruins of the Rotunda of Saint Michael.

The Mummies of Venzone, five bodies now visible, are kept in the Crypt of the Cemetery Chapel of Saint Michael (XIII century) located in S. Andrea Apostolo Cathedral churchyard.

Address: Cemetery Chapel of Saint Michael, Piazzetta Duomo – 33010 VENZONE (UD)
Opening: permanent exhibition.
Opening time: summer 09.00-19.00 / winter 09.00-17.00.

Tiere Motus

TIERE MOTUS. HISTORY OF AN EARTQUAKE AND ITS PEOPLE

The permanent museum dedicated to the earthquake of 1976 guides the visitor through the significant steps of the re-birth started on the same year, on May 6th, which marked the Story of Friuli since today.
The unusual title combines two different words from two different noble and antique languages peculiar of the story of this land: the Friulan Tiere (=ground, land) and the Latin Motus (=movement).
Tiere wants to mean identity, deep emotions and high sense of belonging to the land and the culture of Friuli.
Motus wants to mean deep recall to the origins and to the Mother Story, and above all to the strength of the people to overcome human pains and hostile natural events for two thousand years.

The Orcolat, the terrifying creature that personified the earthquake in the folk traditions, has been reawakened thanks to the technique of virtual reality, to faithfully reproduce the devastation endured by the “Duomo”, Cathedral of Venzone during that night, May 6th, 1976. The simulations through 3D graphic animation are the fruit of the collaboration of a team, created within the University of Udine, of experts in several fields, from seismic engineering to computer graphics.

On the first floor, the rooms tell with a chronological order first and thematically then, the crucial moments of the earthquake and the reconstruction through exhibition of photographs, films, documents and illustrative outlines to show the strict bond between different aspects: technical and scientific, social and economic, and politic and administrative.

On the photographs documenting the first moments of the tragedy, the faces show loss in front of nature but also moral strength, tenacity and determination in a generous race towards help and solidarity.
A room is dedicated to an extremely difficult period, the summer of 1976, while the whole population was forced to live in tents and life was starting again, facing enormous difficulties. On the other hand, this was also the moment to claim strongly the participation to the decisions of the reconstruction.

The new tremors registered between September 11th and 15th are a devastating seismic cluster and brought down Friuli into an even more complicated situation: fall is described through pictures of exodus and evacuation places. Later, the reconstruction: the years of “baracche” –temporary lodgings- were starting.

The second part of the museum is managed with different thematic rooms: legislative system, studies for the reconstruction (geology and anti-seismic engineering), “Reconstruction Government” with national and regional institutions, rule of the Friulan Church, cultural heritage, planning and implementation instruments for the territory, flow of funds and contributions received, development with birth of another Friuli, made of big infrastructural works and industry but also made of University and Civil Protection creation.
The Head of State conferred the Gold Medal of Civil Merit to the Banners of the Region and to the 45 earthquake-struck Municipalities.

The last room to visit is dedicated to the memory, in a multimedia voyage through the large collection of documents (audio, video, texts, and pictures) produced during the 1976 earthquake; the collection is becoming larger day by day.
A double projection animates the room: the first shows the repetition of the seismic tremors and their strength on a plastic model of the region; the second shows the names of the victims, appearing and then disappearing, on the wall. On the “Wall of the Memory ” the visitor is invited to leave and register his own testimony.

Address: Palazzo Orgnani-Martina, Via Mistruzzi, 4 – 33010 VENZONE (UD)
Opening: permanent exhibition
Opening time: Friday 15.00-19.00, Saturday and Sunday 9.00-13.00 / 15.00-19.00.

Foreste, Uomo, Economia nel Friuli Venezia Giulia

FORESTS, MANKIND, ECONOMY IN FRIULI VENEZIA GIULIA

Because of its geographic and natural characteristics and its historical events, the Friuli Venezia Giulia Region is the perfect territory to present the synthesis of the complex relationship between the man and the forest during their History; to let the fundamental aspects of the forestry ecosystem known; and to point out to the public attention the importance and the urgency to find adequate solutions to the various problems of the forests.

The exhibition is developed on over 200m2 , in three different rooms  equally dedicated to specific subjects; its purpose is to outline the situation of different aspects and problems: naturalistic, ecological, socio-historical of the forests of the Friuli Venezia Giulia.

The story of the forests is the first subject of the first room: the evolution of the forestry landscape of the region since the glacial period until nowadays. The second subject, the forestry ecosystems, is dealt with a pedagogical model: the most important kind of forests from cost to high mountains.

The second room presents the fauna of the forests.

The third room is dedicated to function and use of the forests, illustrating the physiology and the various functions of the trees.

Address: Palazzo Orgnani-Martina, Via Mistruzzi, 4 – 33010 VENZONE (UD)
Opening: permanent museum.
Opening time: on Saturday, Sunday and public holidays, from 15.00 to 19.00